The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Metals and alloys are materials that are typically hard, malleable, and have good electrical and thermal conductivity. Alloys are made by melting two or more elements together, at least one of them a metal. They have properties that improve those of the constituent elements, such greater strength or resistance to corrosion.
- Track 1-1Meteoric iron
- Track 1-2Bronze and brass
- Track 1-3Steel and pig iron
Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide. It is the gradual destruction of materials (usual metals) by chemical and/or electrochemical reaction with their environment. Corrosion engineering is the field dedicated to controlling and stopping corrosion. In the most common use of the word, this means electrochemical oxidation of metal in reaction with an oxidant such as oxygen or sulfur. Rusting, the formation of iron oxides is a well-known example of electrochemical corrosion.
- Track 2-1General Attack Corrosion
- Track 2-2Localized Corrosion
- Track 2-3General Attack Corrosion
- Track 2-4Environmental Cracking
- Track 2-5High-Temperature Corrosion
Outstanding engineering solutions and metallurgical science to support our national security and industry customers a scope that spans all alloys, ceramics, and compounds from uranium to hydrogen, with a strong emphasis on unconventional, low symmetry materials.
- Track 3-1Heat treatment
- Track 3-2Plating
- Track 3-3Shot peening
- Track 3-4Thermal spraying
Functional materials are generally characterized as those materials which possess particular native properties and functions of their own. For example, Ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, magnetism or energy storage functions. Functional materials are found in all classes of materials: ceramics, metals, polymers and organic molecules. Functional materials are often used in electromagnetic applications from KHz to THz and at optical frequencies where the plasmatic properties of metals assume particular importance. Functional materials are also of critical importance in materials for energy such as electro- and magnetocaloric materials, for energy storage and for solar harvesting functions.
- Track 4-1Adaptive material
- Track 4-2Electronic materials
- Track 4-3Magnetic materials
- Track 4-4Optical materials
The Mining and Mineral Process Engineering option focuses on the aspects of geological, civil, mechanical, electrical, and industrial engineering, together with business and management skills, that are integrated into the challenge of extracting minerals from the Earth. Mining engineers are involved in all stages of the process: from exploring for new mineral deposits and deciding if they can be mined economically, through designing and constructing mines at and below the ground, to managing and operating mines, to preparing raw mineral products for manufacturing or energy industries.
- Track 5-1Coal
- Track 5-2Crude Oil (Petroleum)
- Track 5-3Natural Gas
- Track 5-4Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals
Materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming. Materials science is a syncretic discipline hybridizing metallurgy, ceramics, solid-state physics, and chemistry. It is the first example of a new academic discipline emerging by fusion rather than fission.
- Track 6-1Nanomaterial
- Track 6-2Biomaterials
- Track 6-3Electronic, optical, and magnetic
- Track 6-4Ceramics and glasses
- Track 6-5Polymers
- Track 6-6Metal alloys
- Track 6-7Semiconductors
A nanostructure is a structure of intermediate size between microscopic and molecular structures. Nanostructural detail is microstructure at Nanoscale. IN describing nanostructures, it is necessary to differentiate between the numbers of dimensions in the volume of an object which are on the Nan scale. Nanotextured surfaces have one dimension on the Nanoscale, i.e., only the thickness of the surface of an object is between 0.1 and 100 nm. Nanotubes have two dimensions on the Nanoscale, i.e., the diameter of the tube is between 0.1 and 100 nm; its length can be far more. Finally, spherical nanoparticles have three dimensions on the Nanoscale, i.e., the particle is between 0.1 and 100 nm in each spatial dimension. The terms nanoparticles and ultrafine particles (UFP) are often used synonymously although UFP can reach into the micrometer range. The term nanostructure is often used when referring to magnetic technology.
- Track 7-1Magnetic Nano chains
- Track 7-2Nano composite
- Track 7-3Nano structured film
- Track 7-4Nano composite
- Track 7-5Tube-based nano structures
There are two basic types of extraction: surface and sub-surface (deep), each relying on a variety of techniques. Regardless of the process, U.S. legislation requires operators to submit a plan for restoring the land and mitigating acid mine drainage before a permit is granted for mining operations. It further specifies that all sites be restored to their original contours and provides a funding mechanism for helping restore abandoned mines.
- Track 8-1Underground Mining
- Track 8-2Surface Mining
- Track 8-3Environmental Issue
Automated mining involves the removal of human labor from the mining process. The mining industry is in the transition towards automation. It can still require a large amount of human capital, particularly in the developing world where labor costs are low so there is less incentive for increasing efficiency. Automated mining is an umbrella term that refers to two types of technology. The first type of mining automation deals with process and software automation; the second type deals with applying robotic technology to mining vehicles and equipment.
- Track 9-1Remote control
- Track 9-2Teleported mining equipment
- Track 9-3Driver assist
- Track 9-4Full automation
- Track 9-5Robotics
- Track 9-6Mechanization
Petroleum Chemistry is made of a mixture of different hydrocarbons. The most prolific hydrocarbons found in the chemistry of petroleum are alkanes, these are also sometimes known as branched or linear hydrocarbons. A significant percentage of the remaining chemical compound is the made up of aromatic hydrocarbons and cycloalkanes. Additionally, petroleum chemistry contains several more complex hydrocarbons such as asphaltenes. The primary form of hydrocarbons in the chemistry of petroleum is the alkanes, which are also often named paraffin. These are termed saturated hydrocarbons and the exhibit either branched or straight molecule chains. The paraffin is very pure hydrocarbons and contains only hydrogen and carbon; it is the alkanes which give petroleum chemistry its combustible nature. Depending upon the type of alkanes present in the raw petroleum chemistry it will be suitable for different applications.
- Track 10-1Petroleum geology
- Track 10-2Petroleum reserves
- Track 10-3Fossil fuel
- Track 10-4Gas field and gas well
- Track 10-5Offshore oil and gas
- Track 10-6Petroleum reservoir engineering
Smart materials, called also intelligent or responsive materials, are designed materials that have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimuli, such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH, electric or magnetic fields, light, or chemical compounds. Smart Materials are the basis of many applications, including sensors and actuators, or artificial muscles, particularly as electrically activated polymers.
- Track 11-1Piezoelectric
- Track 11-2Shape Memory Alloys
- Track 11-3Magnetostrictive
- Track 11-4Shape Memory Polymers
- Track 11-5Electro active Polymers
Nanotechnologies make use of very small objects or artifacts. Nano-materials are an increasingly important product of nanotechnologies. They contain nanoparticles, smaller than 100 nanometers in at least one dimension. Nano-materials are coming into use in healthcare, electronics, cosmetics, and other areas. Their physical and chemical properties often differ from those of bulk materials, so they call for specialized risk assessment. This needs to cover health risks to workers and consumers, and potential risks to the environment. This is currently done on a case by case basis, but risk assessment methods need to be kept up to date as the use of Nano-materials expands, especially as they find their way into consumer products. What do we know about the possible health risks of exposure to the nanomaterial, and how can assessment of these risks be improved? An assessment by the European Commission Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks.
- Track 12-1Metal-based nanoparticles
- Track 12-2Two-dimensional nanostructures
- Track 12-3Bulk nanostructured materials
- Track 12-4Surface properties
- Track 12-5Particle size
- Track 12-6Chemical reactivity
Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei (fission) or of combining atomic nuclei (fusion), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear physics. In the sub-field of nuclear fission, it particularly includes the design, interaction, and maintenance of systems and components like nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants, or nuclear weapons. The field also includes the study of medical and other applications of radiation, particularly Ionizing radiation, nuclear safety, heat/thermodynamics transport, nuclear fuel, or other related technology (e.g., radioactive waste disposal) and the problems of nuclear proliferation.
- Track 13-1Environmental radioactivity
- Track 13-2Magnetic confinement fusion
- Track 13-3Nuclear explosion
- Track 13-4Nuclear fusion
- Track 13-5Nuclear reactor
- Track 13-6Nuclear testing
- Track 13-7Thermal neutrons
Marine engineering includes the engineering of boats, ships, oil rigs, and any other marine vessel or structure, as well as oceanographic or ocean engineering. Specifically, marine engineering is the discipline of applying engineering sciences, including mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering, and computer science, to the development, design, operation, and maintenance of watercraft propulsion and onboard systems and oceanographic technology. It includes but is not limited to power and propulsion plants, machinery, piping, automation and control systems for marine vehicles of any kind, such as surface ships and submarines.
- Track 14-1Marine mining
- Track 14-2Naval architect
- Track 14-3Hydrodynamic loading
- Track 14-4Stability
- Track 14-5Corrosion
- Track 14-6Anti-fouling
- Track 14-7Cavitation
Mining waste comes in many forms and varies from harmless to highly hazardous. Much of it has little or no economic value but the mining industry is making an effort to find new uses for waste to reduce environmental impacts. And with the prices of commodities moving up and down by large amounts, what may be waste today can suddenly become a valuable resource tomorrow.
- Track 15-1Recycle The Big Stuff
- Track 15-2Recycling The Smaller Stuff
- Track 15-3Slag Recycling
- Track 15-4More Recycling, Less Mining Waste
Metal recycling, recovery, and resource efficiency are increasingly important as the supply of virgin raw materials diminishes. Secondary metallic materials from industrial processes and discarded consumer products are the new mines of our time. In principle, metals can be recycled indefinitely, but it must be possible to separate them from each other and from other materials. By separating metals, they can also be decontaminated, thereby increasing the degree of recovery and recycling even further. Separation can be done either mechanically or chemically. Swerea has developed several different innovative methods and processes for separating metals. Metal oxides in dust form are secondary raw material from industrial processes. Swerea is conducting research in several areas to develop methods for energy-efficient conversion of metals from oxide to metallic form.
- Track 16-1Cast Materials
- Track 16-2Composite
- Track 16-3Multi Materials
- Track 16-4Chemical Separation
Casting is a process in which a liquid metal is somehow delivered into a mold (it is usually delivered by a crucible) that contains a hollow shape (i.e., a 3-dimensional negative image) of the intended shape. The metal is poured into the mold through a hollow channel called a sprue. The metal and mold are then cooled, and the metal part (the casting) is extracted. Casting is most often used for making complex shapes that would be difficult or uneconomical to make by other methods. Casting processes have been known for thousands of years, and have been widely used for sculpture (especially in bronze), jewelry in precious metals, and weapons and tools. Traditional techniques include lost-wax casting (which may be further divided into centrifugal casting and vacuum assist direct pour casting), plaster mold casting and sand casting. The modern casting process is subdivided into two main categories: expendable and non-expendable casting. It is further broken down by the mold material, such as sand or metal, and pouring method, such as gravity, vacuum, or low pressure.
- Track 17-1Sand casting
- Track 17-2Plaster mold casting
- Track 17-3Shell molding
- Track 17-4Die casting
- Track 17-5Semi-solid metal casting
- Track 17-6Centrifugal casting
Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology, and bioengineering. These technologies are used to develop machines that can substitute for humans and replicate human actions. Robots can be used in many situations and for lots of purposes, but today many are used in dangerous environments (including bomb detection and deactivation), manufacturing processes, or where humans cannot survive (e.g. in space). Robots can take on any form but some are made to resemble humans in appearance. This is said to help in the acceptance of a robot in certain replicative behaviors usually performed by people. Such robots attempt to replicate walking, lifting, speech, cognition, and basically anything a human can do. Many of today's robots are inspired by nature, contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
- Track 18-1Locomotion
- Track 18-2Spherical orb robots
- Track 18-3Six-wheeled robots
- Track 18-4Human-robot interaction
- Track 18-5Actuation
The metal gold is extremely malleable. Gold is also ductile and one ounce can be drawn into 80 km of thin gold wire (5 microns diameter) to make electrical contacts and bonding wire. Gold has Young's modulus of 79 GPA which is very similar to silver, but significantly lower than iron or steel. The purity or fineness of gold in the jewelry is indicated by its karat number. Gold, (symbol Au) has an atomic number of 79 i.e. each gold atom has 79 protons in its nucleus. The atomic mass of the gold atom is 196.967 and the atomic radius is 0.1442nm. Interestingly this is smaller than would be predicted by theory. The arrangement of outer electrons around the gold nucleus is related to gold's characteristic yellow color. The color of a metal is based on transitions of electrons between energy bands. The conditions for the intense absorption of light at the wavelengths necessary to produce the typical gold color are fulfilled by a transition from the d band to unoccupied positions in the conduction band. Gold’s attractive warm color has led to its widespread use in decoration.
- Track 19-1Malleability of gold
- Track 19-2Ductility of gold
- Track 19-3Cohesion of gold
- Track 19-4Fusibility of gold
- Track 19-5Gold Magnetic
- Track 19-6Volatilisation of gold
- Track 19-7Crystallisation of gold
High-strength low-alloy steel (HSLA) is a type of alloy steel that provides better mechanical properties or greater resistance to corrosion than carbon steel. HSLA steels vary from other steels in that they are not made to meet a specific chemical composition but rather to specific mechanical properties. They have a carbon content between 0.05–0.25% to retain formability and weldability.
- Track 20-1Weathering steels
- Track 20-2Control-rolled steels
- Track 20-3Acicular ferrite steels
- Track 20-4Dual-phase steels
Hydrocarbon exploration (or oil and gas exploration) is the search by petroleum geologists and geophysicists for hydrocarbon deposits beneath the Earth's surface, such as oil and natural gas, Oil and gas exploration are grouped under the science of petroleum geology.
- Track 21-1Oil and gas reserves
- Track 21-2Proved reserves
It is focused on the physical understanding of materials processing, and the scaling laws that govern process speed, volume, and material quality. In particular, this course will cover the transport of heat and matter as these topics apply to materials processing. Covers the processing techniques used in manufacturing components from metals and other materials. The series of operations that transforms industrial materials from a raw-material state into finished parts or products.
- Track 22-1Electrochemical machining
- Track 22-2Electro discharge machining
- Track 22-3Laser machining
- Track 22-4Thermal treatment
For companies and professionals working in the minerals sector, the term “mineral economics” is the study of determining the optimal engineering process. In other words to optimize geological exploration through advanced technology and furthermore, to reduce the cost of mining, processing, and manufacturing through all stages, from mining to manufacturing stages.
- Track 23-1Crushing
- Track 23-2Grinding
- Track 23-3Optical separation
- Track 23-4Gravity separation
- Track 23-5Flotation separation
When air flows through the mine environment, its composition changes due to the addition of different kinds of impurities along its path. These impurities are Classification of impurities Nontoxic but explosive gases Examples Methane, Acetylene, Hydrogenate. Toxic gases Examples Carbon dioxide, Radon and its daughter products, etc. Acutely poisonous gases Examples Carbon monoxide, Nitrous fumes, Sulphur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, Arsine, Phosphine, etc. Miscellaneous impurities like Vapours of water, Fuels and lubricants, Metals like mercury and lead etc. Solid impurities, like dust, Smoke, and organisms. Suspended fine liquid droplets, Such as fog due to condensed water- vapor or Mist of fine oil droplets from drills etc. In mines where cooling plants are used, the mine air also picks up Freon Some amount of water vapor is also present in the form of moisture in mine air. The management of mine ventilation is critical to the maintenance of a comfortable atmosphere for workers working in underground coal mines.
- Track 24-1Ventilation control
- Track 24-2Regulations
- Track 24-3Heating
Deep mines and mines sunk in hot countries are hot work sites. Some underground mines in moderate geographic zones are hot because of the unusually high heat flow from the earth. Many mines in the southwestern United States are located along a high heat zone. In mining, as in other industries, the exposure of workers to very hot conditions is unhealthy and unproductive. Persons working in hot, humid work sites tend to be inefficient; quite often workers prefer to stay away from work or ignore unsafe working situations. Studies in South African gold mines have shown that high temperatures reduce the work output of miners. However, over time, the essence of these benchmarks loses meaning when they become ‘tick boxes’ for the industry to show sustainability. This appears to be the case currently. There is a need to take stock of what has been achieved thus far, recognize the changing nature of environmental and social impacts and consider ways of building resilient socio-ecological systems that include mining.
- Track 25-1Thermal Expansion
- Track 25-2Thermal Stress
Geology plays an essential role in many areas of the economy. Economic growth and sustainability, as well as societal well-being, will require reliable supplies of energy and mineral resources, a dependable supply of clean water and the secure and sustainable production of food. All this will be contingent on sustained investment in technology, infrastructure, education, and skills development. Geology (sometimes referred to more broadly as Earth science or geoscience) is the study of our planet’s structure and the processes which have shaped it throughout its long history – and which continue to do so. It underpins the provision of most of the resources on which the UK’s population and industry depend, including energy, minerals, water, and food.
- Track 27-1Safe Steps
- Track 27-2Safety and Health Management Systems
- Track 27-3Electrical Hazards